Rabbits are intellectual animals that can be litter-trained. They have a natural habit to eat and defecate at the same time so they can be trained by placing their food in their litterbox. They also have a habit of snoozing in their litterbox so a spacious setup is important to ensure your rabbit uses it consistently.
A litterbox should be big enough to contain a fully stretched rabbit. We do not recommend triangle or square type which are too small. We also do not recommend those with metal grills as they can be painful to stand on.
A rectangular type is preferred for rabbits of all breeds. For sick or senior rabbits who are unable to hop as high, we recommend one with low entry.
At Bunny Wonderland, we use a commercial crate from Toyogo (model: ID3901). The internal dimension is 49.5cm x 36.5cm and comes in 3 heights (4, 7.5 and 9.5cm). We use the 4cm for rabbits who cannot hop as high, 7.5cm for our healthier rabbits and 9cm for those who tends to pee outside their box.
Unlike dogs and cats, rabbits spend a lot of time in their litterbox so the choice of litter is very important. We do not recommend softwood shavings such as pine and cedar as their aromatic nature can emit harmful phenols that can cause irreversible liver damage. We also do not recommend powder clay or silica crystals that can be dangerous if ingested. We recommend paper litter which are absorbent, excellent in odor control and not dusty to handle.
To help our rabbits keep their feet clean in the litterbox, you can place a grid over the soiled litter. We prefer rubber mats or plastic mats which are comfortable on their thin soles. You can find them as bathroom mats in household stores or floor grid for dog crates in pet supply stores (we recommend Beary, Alien Pet or Taobao).
We recommend placing the hay in the litterbox as it is the most natural way for our rabbit to graze. But if you like to keep things organize, you can consider a low, wide-mouth basket that is easy for the rabbit to reach. We do not recommend hanging hay ball or hay racks with narrow gaps as our rabbits’ heads can get stuck in them and get injured.