Rabbits are intellectual animals that can be litter-trained. They have a natural habit to eat and defecate at the same time so they can be easily litter-trained by placing their food in their litterbox. They also have an interesting habit to rest in their litterbox so selecting the right size, shape and type is very important to ensure your rabbit likes their litterbox and will use it consistently.
Hay Basket: As hay makes up the bulk of a rabbit’s diet, placing hay in their litterbox is the best way to litter-train a rabbit. Since the most natural way for a rabbit to eat is through grazing from the ground, we will just place the hay directly in their litterbox. However, if you are concerned with cleanliness, you can position use a low, wide-mouth basket that is easy for the rabbit to reach. We do not recommend hay balls or racks with narrow gaps as they are not only hard to dig from, they can also pose as safety hazards if their head gets stuck.
A litterbox should be big enough to contain a fully stretched rabbit The triangle or square ones from pet shops are not recommended as they are too small and uncomfortable. Instead, we recommend a rectangular box such as a commercial crate from Toyogo (model: ID3901). The internal dimension is 49.5cm x 36.5cm and comes in 3 different heights (4, 7.5 and 9.5cm). 7.5cm is suitable for most healthy rabbits while 4cm is good for rabbits who can’t hop high and 9cm is good for rabbits who tend to pee outside their litterbox. We do not recommend higher than 9cm as rabbits can trip and get injured.
Most paper-based litter are suitable for rabbits. We do not recommend wood shavings as they are generally scented and can emit harmful vapors (phenols) when exposed to urine. In an enclosed space, such vapor can accumulate and result in respiratory and organ damage. We also do not recommend powder clay or silica bead cat litter as they are dangerous if ingested. At Bunny Wonderland, we use Breeder Celect recycled paper litter because it is absorbent, excellent in odor control and not dusty to handle.
To help our rabbit stay clean when in their litterbox, we will place a grid over the soiled litter. There are many creative ideas for such grids but as long as the holes are not too big to cause them to trip and the material is comfortable on their thin soles, it should be suitable. At Bunny Wonderland, we use plastic grids meant for dog crates which can be found online. You can also consider ‘egg crates’ from aquatic stores or rubber mats from hardware store.